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Wuhan Coronavirus - What you need to know when you are travelling
City transportation has halted in the state of Wuhan following a jump in death toll to 17 this morning from 9 yesterday. Worldwide, there have been 4 reported cases in Thailand and 1 case each in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Macau and the United States. This new coronavirus has been suspected to arise from a local seafood market in Wuhan (animal-human transmission). But the transmission is now human to human transmission since healthcare workers also contracted this new coronavirus.
How does 2019-nCoV spread?
Human coronaviruses most commonly spread from an infected person to others through
the air by coughing and sneezing
close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
rarely, fecal contamination
Signs and symptoms
The flu-like symptoms like the name suggests is very similar to a common cold which could last for a few days. This includes:
With or without headache
With or without fever
General feeling of feeling unwell
It is the severity and complications of these symptoms that could cause lower respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia or bronchitis which could lead to death. However, it is more common in high-risk people such as those with cardiopulmonary disease, an immunocompromised individual, infants, and older adults.
There are currently no vaccines available to protect you against human coronavirus infection. You may be able to reduce your risk of infection by doing the following
wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
avoid close contact with people who are sick
If you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following
stay home while you are sick
avoid close contact with others
cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
clean and disinfect objects and surfaces
There are no specific treatments for illnesses caused by human coronaviruses. Most people with common human coronavirus illness will recover on their own. However, you can do some things to relieve your symptoms
take pain and fever medications (Caution: do not give Aspirin to children)
use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
If you are mildly sick, you should
drink plenty of liquids
stay home and rest
If you are concerned about your symptoms, you should see your healthcare provider.
It is best to avoid travelling to Wuhan at this point in time. If you are travelling to China, be more cautious, protect yourself and know when to see a healthcare provider if you are feeling unwell.
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