Asthma is a common and potentially serious health problem affecting all age groups.
With the increase in prevalence in many countries, asthma imposes a substantial burden on patients, their families, and the community.
What is asthma and what are the symptoms?
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Asthma is associated with variable expiratory airflow; difficulty exhaling air out of the lungs due to bronchoconstriction (airway narrowing), airway wall thickening and increased mucus production.
During an asthma attack, you may experience:
The symptoms can vary over time in occurrence, frequency and intensity.
What are the common triggers for asthma?
Common triggering factors include:
How is asthma managed?
Asthma is a chronic disease which requires ongoing management. This includes recognizing your triggers, preventing and controlling symptoms, as well as taking the medications correctly. Treatment of asthma include:
Your doctor or pharmacist may recommend one or a combination of two types of inhalers. In some cases, oral medications and vaccination may be necessary.
Asthma Action Plan
Image: Sample of an Asthma Action Plan
Asthma action plan is a personalized management plan by you and your doctor for better control of asthma. This plan includes:
Taking control of your treatment can make you feel more in control of your life in general.
When should I see a doctor?
You will need to see your doctor regularly depending on your level of asthma control and response to your treatment. It is a good idea to bring your medications with you to each visit, so the doctor can make sure you’re taking the correct medications according to the right dose and using proper technique. In addition, Your Asthma Action Plan may be reviewed too.
Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening. Emergency treatment is needed when there is:
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist today about your asthma condition.
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