Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system; kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Often, UTI occurs because bacteria enter the urethra and travel up to the bladder to multiply. Typically, bladder infections are cause by Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. Urethral infections can also be caused by E. coli, or via sexually transmitted infections (e.g: herpes, chlamydia)
Signs and symptoms
Types of UTI
|Part of urinary tract affected||Signs and symptoms|
|Kidneys (acute pyelonephritis)||
Antibiotics are usually the first line treatment. Often, the symptoms will resolve within few days of treatment. Longer courses of antibiotics or stronger doses may be required for those with recurrent infections. Ensure to finish the entire course of antibiotics as prescribed.
If UTI is left untreated, it may have serious consequences such as:
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